AUSTRALIAN and NEW ZEALAND 78 labels - Dates and Images.

Last updated 5 January 2016 

Adam Miller, Wellington, New Zealand

Labels are Australian, unless otherwise noted. Many of the larger labels were pressed on both sides of the Tasman Sea.
Also included are foreign labels solely intended for the Australasian market.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M

N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A
AERONA
Made in England by the Crystalate Mfg. Co, prob. imported into Australia by Salkeld & Wallace Ltd, wholesale distributers of Sydney. Almost all issues under pseudonyms.


7"
100 mid 26
201 early 27

AEROPLANE (Flexible)
Produced by the Unbreakable Disc Records Co, Melbourne  (successors to World Record Australia).
Mainly Banner (Plaza) masters (some derived from Bell or NYRL), all issued on pseudonyms. 


10"
100 to
118
28

AIDA
One of a number of 1950s labels catering to Australia's immigrant population. All sides are Hungarian gypsy music by Gyuri Patko & His Orchestra.
From matrix, appears pressed by Columbia Graphophone (Aust) Pty Ltd.

Aida 78rpm label
AH 10"
101 to 112 55
[More data sought]


AMPERSAND

Jazz label from William Miller (Melbourne) started in September 1943. The 10" series ran to 36, there was a 12" from 1201-1206 and some 10" re-issues from US sources R101 to R105. All but 26/27 issued on vinyl rather than shellac. Production of 78s ended in 1955.

ANGELUS

From late 1928 to mid 1931. Drew on US Cameo, Gennett, Crown, Paramount & Grey Gull, English Imperial.
Black then purple labels

AN- 10" (AN dropped after 3037)
3049 12/28
3117 29
3243 30
3357 31
then to LYRIC. CLIFFORD 3000 series ran in parallel.

Black on yellow series used UK Imperial masters. The Clifford 4000 series ran in parallel.
1001-
1035
31

ARCADIA

From late 1929 to early 1930. Manufactured by Melbourne Vocalion, probably for Edments chain stores. Masters mainly from American Plaza/ARC, under pseudonyms.

2000- 10"
2001-
2071
29/
30


ARTRANSA
The Artransa Company was formed in 1940 initially to manufacture transcription discs for radio.
Pressed in both Australia and New Zealand.

A 10"
001 mid 49
027
(last)
mid 51


AUROTOR

NZ label - recorded by Rotorua Radio Ltd, pressed by Stebbings


TD 10"
1-6 1959

AUSTRAL
Pressed by World Record (Australia) Pty Ltd - a Pemberton-Billing outfit.

A- 10"
1 to 164 25
then to CONDOR.

AUSTRAL DUPLEX
"Unbreakable" - 1/4" thick layers of cardboard with a thin shellac coating.  Gold, or gold & blue.  These were the first records to be both recorded and pressed in Australia. 


8"
1 to 68 25


AUSTRALIAN JAZZ
From Melbourne Jazz entusiast, recording on a Pyrox wire recorder were transferred to 10"/12"/16" recordings.
Late 1940s - 1951.


AVALA
One of the bunch of 'ethnic' labels that sprung up in the 1950's, including Aida & Cosmopolitan. Yugoslavian material.
Avala 78rpm label

AWA
AWA (Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia)) produced the Radiola record, as well as Custom recordings.


B
BEEDA

Pressed in the USA by Plaza. 

100 10"

100 to 116 25

1000 10"

1000 & 1001 7/25

A singe issue 684 was produced by Compo Canada on special request.

BELLBIRD

(flexible) 10"
bellbird
100 to 151 30
300 to 321 31

BETA
New label pasted over Winner


10"
100 series 18-21
2000 18-21

BLACK DIAMOND
A sole issue known, pressed in the UK c1915, bearing a patriotic song about the Anzac's Gallipoli landing by the Australian composer Reginald Stoneham.  

BLUE STAR
Produced at the same time as CIRCLE and WILCO. Used French BLUE STAR masters.

BS- 10"
Blue Star 78rpm label
101 - 103 50/51

BON MARCHE

100 10"
Made in England by Imperial, mix of US and UK masters.
100-255 c. 27

1000 10"
Made in USA
1000-
1036
late 26 to 27

BROADCAST
8"
Pressed by Vocalion, Melbourne.

All in 1928-30

BROADCAST DE LUXE (10")
Pressed by Vocalion, Melbourne.

W500- 10"
500 to 648 mid 29 to mid 30

BROADCAST TWELVE (10") really!
Pressed by Vocalion, Melbourne.

1929-30

BRUNSWICK

Data fragmentary but where a series is also listed
in Barr, the fit is good.
405 12/30
519 9/31

A bunch of other series exist, more work required.

6000 10"
6000 - 6139 early 1931-32

10000 10"  Gold on Purple.
10155 6/26

15000 10"
15198 7/29
15218 7/30

20000 ?"
20022 12/26
20087 7/29

30000 12"
30110 12/26

50000 12"
50066 12/26
50156 7/29

70000 ?"
77004 7/29

90000 ?"
90008 7/30


C
CAMDEN
Paste-over label on English Vocalion (1927) to be retailed by Buckinghams, Sydney.

Both 10" and 12"
camden

CAPITOL (1)
Paste-over label on English (1926) , and later local Parlophone and less commonly Columbia (1927-31). Any relation to the Mocklers Special "The Capitol" paste-over label?

10"
on UK Parlo 26
on local
A2xxx
27-31

CAPITOL (2)
The US label
 
039 49
328 54
1001
3/56
1251 6/57

CK children's series


CARINIA

A label catering to Australia's large post-WWII East European immigrant population. Reissues from Jugoton (blue) and Orbis Polonia UK (red)


1950's 10"
[More data sought]

CENTURY


1000- 10" (DD prefix on 1010 & 1011)
1001
-1014
1950

CY 1000  10"
1015-27 1950

2000-  10" (Various prefixes M, V, S, 0- all from Boosey & Hawkes Mood Music catalogue)
various 1950

CENTURY PARTY RECORDS
A division of Austin Business Service Pty Ltd, 141 York St, Sydney.  Issued a Racing game on record with 6 parallel tracks per side.
Pressed in both NZ and Australia by HMV as a process recording, sold for 19/6.

  12"
PRX3736 late 50's

CETRA
Distributed by the Minstrel Record Co.  Ethnic recordings.

Cetra 78rpm label
DC- 10"
100- 50's
[More data sought]

CIRCLE
Produced at the same time as the WILCO and BLUE STAR. Used American CIRCLE masters.


C-0100 10"
0101 - 0106 50/51

CGD
Recorded in Italy by the Compagnia Generale del Disco, pressed in Australia for The International Record Co.
mid 1950s
CGD record label

CLARITÉ
Pressed by Plaza, USA.

10"
801 late 26
840 mid 27?

CLIFFORD
Clifford Industries produced many labels, including ANGELUS, PARAMOUNT, ELECTON, EMBASSY, GRACELON, MELOTONE, ORPHEUS, PLAZA, REGENT, STARR, STERLING, WORTH, GRAND PREE and GOLDEN TONGUE, all in the space of 3 years. Many masters were pressed on multiple labels, under various pseudonyms.

5000- 10"
5180 - 5335 28 to 31
This series mirrored on ANGELUS 3000- series.

4000- 10"
4001 - 4035 31
This series mirrored on ANGELUS 1000- series.

COAST
From the U.S. contemporary label. NZ numbers differ sometimes from the Australian for the same title.


CST 10"
001-
0012
late 49/
early 50

COLONIAL 
Produced in Germany by Homophon gmbh from 1910 for Lockwoods of London (trading as the Perophone Co.).  Not sold in the UK, these were exported to Australia until WW1 stopped things.

COLONIAL PEROPHONE
A follow-on label from COLONIAL, leading on to PEROPHONE.  

COLUMBIA

 
0 10" dark blue
0517 7/26
0533 12/26
0720 8/27
0786 11/27
0917 1/28
01122 6/28
01475 7/29
01677 11/29
01923

7/30


0 12" dark blue
02936 7/29

0 10" light blue
03510 12/27

0 12" light blue
04263 7/29
04348 11/29
05055 1/30

 "Potato-face" label
0 10" Whiteman

07001 9/28
07017 7/29
07027 11/29
07043 6/30

0 12" Whiteman
07501 9/28


DNZ 10"
103 8/56
105
12/56

DNZ 10"
10027 8/56
10086
8/57
10109
12/57
10129
3/58
10145
8/58


DO 10"
94 6/30
210 12/30
423 9/31
780 9/32
969 11/33
1375 8/35
1609
2/37
1705
12/37
1763 6/38
1838
2/39
2064 10/39
2059
6/40
2220 7/41
2337
2/42
2495 9/42
2537
5/43
2619
12/43
2699
10/44
2789 12/45
2896 12/46
3075 12/47
3206 12/48
3286 7/49
3347 7/50
3370
11/50
3396
51
3579
6/53
3635 54
3750 8/55
3798
9/56
3838
3/57
3882
12/57
3960 5/58
Some DO- series featuring Maori Music has a special label


DO 70000
70000 4/53
70246
2/56

DOX 12"
8 6/30
74 12/30
208 9/31
300
8/32
479
11/33
501
12/35
515
2/37
551 7/38
596
8/39
639 7/41
715
12/43
725
10/44
746
12/45
806 12/46
882
12/47
974
8/48

KO 8" Childrens - early series
Columbia KO
1-6 12/31
to 18

KO 6" Childrens - late series reusing old numbers but different material. Pressed in multicoloured vinyl.
Columbia KO
Late 1950s.

LOX 12"
5 6/30
52 12/30
128 9/31
178
11/33
216
8/35
279
2/37
332
12/37
365 7/38
408
8/39
429
6/40
484 7/41
493
2/42
526
5/43
542
12/43
564
10/44
578
12/45
638
12/47

ROX 12'
168 37

PR 10" (Process Record)
210 late 37
969 c.43
1384 50
1645 4/52
2795 7/56

12" 100 series from the UK was also pressed in Australia

COLUMBUS (N.Z.)
Columbus 78rpm label
10"

1950's

CONDOR
Pressed by World Record (Australia) Pty Ltd.

C100- 10" (follows from AUSTRAL)
153 to 172 25

CONSTELLATION
Made by EMI (Aust) for Don Harper Musical Enterprises, Mitcham, Victoria.  Don was very much into Square Dancing, although a children's series was also made.
Constellation 78rpm label
10", 1950s.
[More data sought]

CORAL
Pressed by Festval Australia.

CS- 10"

957 8/56
1149
12/56
1233
3/57
1298
6/57
1521
9/57
1576
3/58

CORONET
KP- 10"

049 12/56
112
6/57
149
9/57
177
12/57
200
3/58
209
6/58


COSMOPOLITAN
One of the bunch of 'ethnic' labels that sprung up in the 1950's, including Aida & Avala. Russian material.
Cosmopolitan 78rpm label
10", 1950s.
[More data sought]

CRICKET
7", 'bonus play' Children's label from W&G

XKP 238 12/56
[More data sought]


D
DAHLMONT
Found as a sticker label over English Vocalion and ACO (rare, 1925/26).  Also a pressed record by Plaza, USA. The pressed label carries a credit for the "Myer Emporium", in Melbourne and was a contemporary of CLARITE and BON MARCHE.

10"
101 to 129 27

DECCA

Australian DECCA (Moulded Products Ltd, Melbourne)

M- 10" Masters mainly English Decca and Vocalion.
1000 early 32
1221
(last)
early 33

EMI DECCA (Sydney)


X- 10"
1145 36
1431 6/38
1731 2/40
1761 4/40
1877
2/41
1940 7/41
2001
2/42
2089
5/43
2122
12/43
2148
10/45
2191 12/45
2221
12/46
2247
12/47
2265
9/48


Y- 10"
5000 ?36
5174
12/37
5201 7/38
5244
2/39
5345
8/39
5433
6/40
5581 7/41
5653
2/42
5820
12/43
5861 10/44
5892 8/45
5917
12/45
5947 6/46
5982
12/46
6048
12/47
6119
12/48
6128 3/49
6223
7/50
6257
11/50
6390 52
6417 4/53

Z 12"
700 ?36
752 12/37
801
2/41
810 8/41
835
12/43
840
12/45
888
12/47
931
12/48
946 3/49

DEC- 10" NZ pressed

108   3/57
124 6/57
162
12/57
175
3/58
192
10/58

DIAPHON
A subsequent label to ROSEVILLE by Graham Connolly.  Transcribed from Pyrox wire recordings.
Most were 33rpm, but a few 78rpm were released.

10" DS

1-3 8/53
4
6/54

10" MTG (Multi-Track Groove - 2 songs/side)

1-2 6/54

E
ELECTRON

Pressed between 1928 and 1929 by Clifford Industries, for Coles stores, thence Embassy. Masters from Cameo, Romeo and Gennett.

10"
5000-5123 28-29

ELMAR

Another of the small jazz labels started in the post-1945 boom.  Elmar was started in Sydney by Norman Lineham, who registered the name in July 1948. Several sessions were recorded, but only Elmar 2 was issued, in October 1948.

EMBASSY

8000 10" (by Vocalion Foreign) Masters mainly Plaza/ARC.
8000 - 8114 29-30

9000 10" (by Clifford Industries)
9130 - 9330 30

E 10" (by Brunswick Australia)
100 to 155 31


WB- 10" 
232 9/57



ESQUIRE

D 10" (Discovery)
131 10/51


E 10"
1003 10/49

also a few in an R3000 series

5000 10" (Mercury)

5xxx c. 50

5- 10" 
075 6/57
080
9/57

EVANGEL
A Process recording, from Columbia Graphophone (Aust) Pty Ltd, covering religioous music.
Evangel 78rpm label
10", 1950s
[More data sought]

EXCELOPHONE 
Produced in Germany (loater Invicta Record CO in the UK) from 1913-c1915 for John G. Murdoch & Co, London, for sale in Australia via Macrow's.  Somew were also a stick-over label on Guardsman.  There were several series - 100, 2000, 5000 and 8000.  


F
FAIRY RECORD

Pressed in England for Australia

6" 1000 and 300 series
mid 1920s

FESTIVAL
Formed in October 1952, initial issues were on the Manhattan label.


FS 10"
803 55
964 8/56
1142
12/56
1192
3/57
1426 8/57
1565
12/57

FK 10"

3014 5/58

FW 10"
117 60

DW 10" (Country & Western)

01-04 2/57
039
6/58

EPM- 10" Extended play (2 tracks/side)

FIDELITY
Introduced c. August 1951 by Fidelity Radio Pty Ltd, of Sydney. FRPL started in 1938 selling transcription records to radio stations. The bulk of the recordings featured Bobby Limb, wife Dawn Lake or associate Johnny O'Connor.


FY1000- 10"
1001 to 1078 51 to 56

FOSSEY'S
A paste-over label on US Regal and Oriole, for Fossey's store, 403-411 George St, Sydney.
 
mid-1920's


G
GAIETY
Pressed by Vocalion Australia.

P- 10" Masters from English Vocalion and USA Gennett. Labels in green, then red.
100 - 123 27
There appears to have been a single slightly earlier issue, serial 200 (no P- prefix)

GIBSONA


All 19 issues in 1925-26
(Label pasted over Lincoln, from 2113 to 2364.  Some black on gold, others silver on black.)

GLOBE RECORD


A pre-WW1 contract pressing from Homophon gmbh, for export to Australia.  Both Beka and Favorite masters were used.

GOLDEN RECORDS

6" coloured vinyl childrens records. Pressed by Golden Press Pty Ltd, in arrangement with Simon and Schuster (USA).
Golden records
Late 1950s.

GOLDEN TONGUE

C- 10" flexible (Pressed by Unbreakable Disc Records, Brighton)
100 to 115 28

Later series was conventional shellac, pressed by Clifford Industries.
CW100- 10" (Craig Williamson store)
golden tongue
100 to 152 28/
29
then to
MC- 10" (Marcus Clark store)
153 to 187 29

GRACELON
Pressed by Clifford Industries for the Sydney Department store Grace Bros.

4000- 10" Masters from USA Cameo and Gennett.
4001 to 4034 late 29


GRAND PREE
Initially paste-overs on UK Winner, then pressed in England by Actuelle, apparently for the Perpetual Trading Association. Last few pressed locally.

Gxxx 10" (Winner number with first digit dropped, then later replaced by G)
Grand Pree 78rpm label  
1920-23


18000 10"
18000 to 18600? 23-27

Finally presed in Australia by Clifford Industries.
18700 10"
18700 to 18746 28


H
THE HERALD
Pressed by Edison (mainly) in England for export to New Zealand, see also MINSTREL

100 10" Edison-Bell masters.
Herald 1
1-127 13

1000 10" Beka masters (pressed by Beka London?)
Herald 2
1000-
1044
13
Serial numbers given are the highest seen to date.

HMV

The UK B series was pressed in Australia also.

There were many local series.

EA 10"
72 1/27
263 3/28
480 7/29
590 11/29
708 7/30
792 12/30
873 6/31
901 9/31
953 1/32
1150 12/32
1189
6/33
1257
12/33
1325
6/34
1737 35
1880 8/37
1953
12/37
2043 7/38
2319
8/39
2444
6/40
2686 7/41
2764 11/41
2987
5/43
3060
12/43
3142
10/44
3218 8/45
3274
12/45
3405 12/46
3572 12/47
3725 9/48
3785 2/49
3924
11/50
3982 51
4033 52
4103 52
4114
7/53
4221
3/55
4276
9/56
4319
3/58

EA 50000 10" (ex US Grand Award and Prom labels.)
50001 7/53
50007
7/54

then to
EA 51000 10" 
51001 12/54
51005
3/54
51022
5/56
51039
1/57
51056
10/57
51064
5/58

EA 60000 10" 
60001 11/57
60007
3/58

EB 12"
98 8/37
111 6/38
132
8/39
141 8/41
187
5/43
221
10/44
340
12/46
397
12/47


EC 10"
38 8/37
49 6/38
56
6/40
63 7/41
101
5/43
112
12/43
119
10/44
132
12/45
146
12/46
167
12/47

ED 12"
5 25
13 7/30
46 32-3
48 6/41
190
5/43
254
12/43
282
10/44
350
12/45
438
12/46
532
12/47
548
9/48

 
HR 10" (New Zealand series)
1 54
18 55
31 55
68 8/56
78 12/56
84
6/57
86
12/57

6004
8/57
6013
3/58

10269
8/56
10285
12/56
10296
8/57

LA 10"
2 53
6 53

TA 8"
HMV TA
Childrens records, pressed in yellow vinyl. Late 1950s.


J
JAZZART

Melbourne speciality label. Clemens' Musical Services, 31 Little Collins St.


JA- 10" (some 12")
1 to 62 48 to 52

JOHN MYSTERY'S
John Mystery was a Woolworth's identity and writer of children's stories.
Pressed by Recording Centre Pty Ltd, Sydney (RCP).
Various series JM (children's, coloured vinyl), NJ (New Jazz), 1000-, DD (Dual Disc), TP (Top Pops), W
John Mystery DD 78rpm label  John Mystery's NJ 78rpm label  John Mystery's JM 78rpm label
10", 1949-50

A series of record-postcards were also produced.


K
KALOPHONE

Produced by Beka UK for export to Australia, where their agents were the piano manufacturers Beale & Co.  Labels were black (10" Grand) and  pink (12" Master) and both featured the Lyre bird.

KISMET
Made by Parlophone Australia. A few issues, including the first three issues, were locally recorded, then English Parlophone or US Okeh masters (including the Bix Beiderbecke Gang ex Okeh 41088 on K722) were used.


K- 10"
700 - 742 late 28 to late 29


L

LARONDO 
Recorded in Italy by Fonodisco Italiano, Milan, and pressed in Australia by The International Record Co.
mid-1950s

larondo label


LEONORA


10137 25-6


LONDON


NZL- 10"
106
9/56
147
3/57
163 5/57
204
8/57
258
12/57
285
3/58
311
6/58
335
9/58
342
10/58

Also Australian-pressed HL- and L- series.
L- 10"
500 11/49
680
5/50
1028
5/51
1153
12/52
1190
8/53
1232
1/54

HL- 10"
8001 2/54
8110
12/54
8200
12/55
8355
12/56
8519
12/57

LYRIC (1)
A paste-over label on Winner, for Winkworth's stores, Sydney.

Early 1920s.

LYRIC (2)
Pressed by the Klippel Record Co.


Picks up ANGELUS 3000 series after demise of Clifford Industries.
3357 late 31
3446 late 32
There was also a short-run S- series from 1000 to 1006.


M
MACQUARIE
Focussed on Italian and German material sourced from Fonit and Lindstrom-Kristall-Imperial - not an especially bright idea in 1939! At 4/- they were also expensive.


10"
518 39
600 late 39
660 (last) mid 40

An 8" EL- series ran to only 2 issues - 201 and 202, these were both Bird call imitations.
Macquarie also processed private recordings. Example

MANHATTAN
A label of Festival Records Pty Ltd. Local masters as well as Savoy and others.
 
FM- 10"
from late 1952.

MELLOTONE
Mellotone
6" record, pressed in late 1920's by Crystalate for export to Australia.

MELOTONE
Pressed by Clifford Industries for Foy & Gibson stores.

10000- 10"
10000 to 10094 29/
30
First 5 issues prefixed FG-

MEMPHIS
Jazz label from William Holyoak, Adelaide. Pressed by A.R.C. Initially priced at 10/-, reducing to 8/- in late 1948.


10"
1 to 8 c. 48

MERCURY
The US label was pressed in both Australia and New Zealand.

1950s

M- 10"

4163 8/56
4220
3/57
4256
6/57
4267
8/58

MGM
MGM records were pressed in Australia and New Zealand

M-G-M 5000 10"
1950s

MICKEY POWELL 
Australia experienced a Square Dance craze aound 1954, and several smal local labels capitalised on this.
Pressed in Melbourne, mid-1950s.

 


MINSTREL
Pressed mainly by Edison Bell in England for export to New Zealand, see also HERALD

1- 10"
Minstrel 1
1-60
13-14

2000- 10" (pressed from Favorite master - by Favorite?)
Minstrel 2
2000-
2020
13-14
Serial numbers given are the highest seen to date.

MUSOLA 
Produced in the UK by Crystalate from 1917 for the Orchestrelle Co, for export to Australia.   See also PHONETO.


N

NBS 
Australia experienced a Square Dance craze around 1954. The National Broadcasting Service got in on the act.
Pressed in Melbourne, mid-1950s.



NURSERY RHYME

Not to be confused with the much commoner UK Crystalate 6" NURSERY RHYMES record.
6"
1 - 9 1931



O
ORPHEUS
Custom pressing by Clifford Industries.

10" 7000 (very intermittent)
7021 - 7255 c.30



P
PACIFIC
An A.R.C. pressing contemporaneous with the RODEO label.

10- 10"
0001 1/49
0033 6/50
0072 11/51
0078 5/52
0082
last

then
PB- 10"
083-123 53

25- 10" (red/silver)
00-1-
0013
49

Parallel release with TASMAN in New Zealand
W- 10"

007 1/49
042 6/50
083 11/51
095 53

PALINGS
Pressed in Canada by Compo, exclusively for Australia.

10"
19000 - 19009 25-26
A single issue numbered 629 is also known.

PANACHORD
Pressed by Brunswick (Australia) Ltd

P12000 10"
12096 6/31
12166 9/31
12206
(last)
11/31
Some 26 issues (Ex Brunswick) in late 1931 were numbered counting backwards from 12000, for reasons unknown.

PARAMOUNT (I)
(No relation to the famous US label)
Produced in Sydney by Clifford Industries, for retailer Scott Henderson & Co.

2500 10"
2500 mid 28
2573 late 28

PARAMOUNT (II)
(No relation to the famous US label)
Produced in Melbourne by Magasound Recording Co.
P- 10"
  
001 - 012 53

PARLOPHONE

A 10" The first 108 issues in the popular A- series were pressed in London.
2108 12/26
2272 10/27
2416 3/28
2643 9/28
2900 12/29
3018 6/30
3084 12/30
3143 6/31
3284 12/31
3406 9/32
3557 2/33
3993
12/34
to
6000
12/34
6067 4/35
6278 3/36
6631 36
6741
12/37
6845 6/38
6984
2/39
7118
8/38
7210
6/40
7280
2/41
7317 7/41
7379 5/42
7421
5/43
7464
10/44
7488 8/45
7506
12/45
7558
12/46
7627
12/47
7654 3/48
7699
12/48
7711 3/49
7729 6/49
7740
7/50
7750
11/50
7777 5/51
7790 7/52
7805 53
7833 54
7988 2/58

AR- 12" Half are Richard Tauber
100
4/28
112 6/28
139 6/31
190 9/32
320 6/38
352
8/39
364 8/41
377
10/44
382
12/45
390
12/46
to

407
7/55

AR1000- 12"
1000 6/28
1012 12/28
1081
7/38
1094
2/39
1133 11/47

A4000- 12"
4008 6/28
4034 12/28
4281 6/31
4486
12/37
4532
6/40
4545 6/41
to
4563 4/55

A5000- 12" Black label

5000 1/29
5034
12/36

GAA5000- 10" For the ethnic Greek community

5007 post-1945

NZP 10"
5002 55
5008
8/56

NZP 10"

39 8/56
62
8/57

NZP-3000 10"

3040 6/57
3050
12/57
3075
8/58


TTA1000- 10" For the ethnic Italian community

1006 post-1945


PEROPHONE 
This label followed on from COLONIAL PEROPHONE. carrying on the catalogue to at least 454.

PHILIPS


B21000- 10"

21001 6/53
last
11/57


P24500- 10"

24505 54
26295
3/58


P37000- 10" (Locally recorded)
37000-
37051
mid 54 to mid 57

PHONETO 
Produced in the UK by Crystalate from 1917 for the Orchestrelle Co, for export to Australia.   See also MUSOLA.


PLANET
Pressed in Sydney by A.R.C.

PL 10"
1-3 4/51


PLAZA
Custom pressing by Clifford Industries.

10" 3000 (intermittent, uses Angelus catalogue)
3095 - 3124 c.30

10" 6000 (intermittent)
6024 - 6039 c.30


POLYDOR
Pressed by Vocalion, Melbourne, all between March and August 1928.

W- 10"
101 to 112 28

21000- 10" Locally pressed from German masters, continued series previously imported since 1926.
21xxx 28


H- 12"
1950s

POSSUM 
Pressed in the UK by Vocalion and marketed in Australia in 1917-18 through Allan & Co.

PRESTIGE

PS-0000 10"
0009 8/57
0020
12/57
0043
9/58

PS-1000 10"
1001 2/57
1032
5/57
1057
12/57

PRESTOPHONE
A long running label under Reginald Albert (Rex) Shaw, of whom more should be written. The early studio was Radio Associated Services Ltd - note the same initials.
A wide variety of prefixes were used, apparently against the same number series, including some re-used with differing prefixes. 10" and 12" could appear on the same prefix. There were also several different label styles.

RAS 10"
1
40
163 50
226 50

A 10"
56-60 2/56

X1000- 10"
1009 8/37

V 10"

1001 5/37
1014 4/38

X1 10"
1-2 late 44

Other series known are P-, PR-, RC- & PD-

PROCESS RECORD
Columbia's private recording service

PR- 10"
1 37
293 1/41
1075 12/46
1907 2/54
last 59
to EMI Custom Service

They also pressed various other labels, recognisable from the Sxxxx matrix, such as Aida, Evangel and the unnamed item below.
Columbia Australia Process 78rpm label
Percy Nicholls (tenor), seen in both black and purple.


R
RADIOLA

DB1000- 10" (William Flynn and the 3DB Orch, ex Radio 3DB)
1001-4 mid 51

RRM- 10" (Radiola Recording Melbourne)
003-6 mid 51

RRS- 10" (Radiola Recording Sydney)
007 mid 51

Later issues with the A- prefix were drawn from Polygon UK (P suffix, gold & blue label), or Telefunken (T suffix, gold & red label)

MR 10"
1049 2/56

RCA


20- 10"
New Zealand series best known for Elvis on 20-6000 to -7000 titles.  Mid-late 1950s.

50000 10"
50120 to 50199 57

60000 10"
60005 3/58
60044
10/58


REGAL-ZONOPHONE


G20000- 10"
The early part of this series (to about G21700) were issued on the Regal label, although some issues still in the catalogue were later repressed on R-Z, so can be found on both.
20009 2/27
20245 6/28
20566 11/29
20700 7/30
21081 9/31
21325 3/32

   
G20000- 10"
21350 12/32
21758 7/33
21973 6/34
22436 11/35
23120 8/37
23356 6/38
23618 9/38
23876 2/40
24041 9/40
24166
2/41
24377 7/41
24460
2/42
24707
5/43
24853 10/44
24924 6/45
24960
12/45
25117 4/47
25153
12/47
25263
12/48
25273 3/49
25284
11/50
25351
11/52
25367 2/53
25379 1/54
25393 11/54
25423
5/55
25434 1/56
25481 1/57
25505 10/57
G25267 onwards is C&W only, and G25294 onwards Australian C&W artists at that.

G 30000 12"
G30083 53


G 40000 12"
40101 8/37
40143 6/38
40239 2/40
40275 7/41
40308 8/45

RNZ 10"
101 - 103 56

REGENT
Pressed by Clifford Industries, mostly from Cameo & Gennett masters.

R 10"
1020 - 1078 late 28

REXOPHONE 

 
Another records produced by Homophon gmbh for export to Australia from 1911.  The importers were Jackson & Macdonald, of Sydney. Early labels were plain gold on green, in both 10" and 12" sizes.


In 1915 a new multicoloured design was introduced for records produced by Homophon Co UK, featuring Pan playing his pipes to a reclining female.
 

The final purple-label series was produced by J.E. Hough Ltd (of Edison-Bell fame).  Production seems to have ceased in 1917.

RODEO
Produced in both Australia and New Zealand (where it continued on where Tasman stopped)

10- 10"
0001 1/49
0018
6/50
0067
last

then to
R 10"
117 6/55
125 12/56
134 8/57
A TA- series ran in parallel. A few issues are known in an NZ R900 series.

RONDOPHONE 


Manufactured in Germany by Homophon gmbh, and sold in Australia between 1912 and 1914, probably by the British Record Pty Ltd..  

ROSEVILLE

Named after the Sydney suburb that Graham Connolly, the producer, lived in.  Jazz concert recordings.
12" PA (3 issues) and 10" PB (2-3 issues).  Al l 1950-51.


S
SAVOY
Pressed by Vocalion, Melbourne.
1000- 10"
1000-
1079
29

SELECTON


I- ?"
1 56
[More data sought]

SOUTHERN CROSS
A special label pressed by Columbia Graphophone's process studio. Produced by The Musicians' Union of Australia.
Southern Cross 78rpm label

STARR
Another Clifford Industries pressing, Cameo & Gennett masters. Sold through Coles stores.

10" 700
700 - 751 c.30

STEBBING (New Zealand)

S 10"
101 51
118 52
132 53
159 54

J 10"
101 51

STERLING
Pressed by Clifford Industries (although label states Sterling Record Co).

F1100- 10"
1100 to 1172 29/
30
F- prefix dropped after 1109

STONKER


Late 1950s or even later.
Looking like a normal 7" 45rpm disc, this plays at 78rpm, and was apparently a one-off spoof of some type - note title (HOT MINCE PIES PLEASE), composer and artist names.
Any information on the production of this gratefully received.

SUMMIT

10"
100 late 31
238 late 32
 
6" Baby Summit
50 to 58 late 31

SWAGGIE

Label owned by Graeme Bell, Jazz musician.
50 10"
51 49
56 50
57 53


S- 10"
5 51


T
TABERNACLE

tabernacle
1950's 10"
Religious music

TANZA (New Zealand)

To Assist New Zealand Artists.  Pressed by the Recording Corporation of New Zealand, TANZA was New Zealand's first locally produced gramophone label.

Z (except first four which were unlettered, then 5 through 8 prefixed by 'T')
1 2/49
24 50
77 12/51
105 4/52
157 12/52
187 6/53
212 54
235 12/54
252 55
290 56
303 57
312 58
A CL series (very short) ran for classical recordings. There were also CF and CK (rare).

TASMAN (N.Z.)

TA 10"
001 - 050 50
to Rodeo (N.Z.)

10- 10" (Parallel issues with PACIFIC 10- series)

0001, 0002, 0006 1/49


W- 10" (Parallel issues with PACIFIC 10- series)

007 1/49
042 6/50
083 11/51
095 53

TEMPO

G 10"
1-3 mid 49

T 10"
001-
014
Sep 48 to early 50


U
UNBREAKABLE DISC RECORDS

See Aeroplane.

UNIVERSAL DOUBLE DISC


Yet another label from the UK Homophone Co, pressed in Germany for the Australian market around 1912-14.  Labels were gold on green or black on white, with the series running from 8000 to 8400.  Issues up to 8200 used Homophone masters, after that Polyphon-Klingsor-Pilot were used.

UNIVERSAL RECORD
Very similar in appearance to REXOPHONE and RONDOPHONE, and also pressed by Homophon gmbh prior to WW1, this may also be an Australian-only export.


V
VOCALION

The Aeolian Company in Sydney started importing English Vocalion records in 1925. Some with Australian content, composers or artists, while recorded in England, appear to have only been issued in Australia. In November 1927 the first local pressings from English masters for Vocalion and Aco were issued.

XA18000- 10"

18001 28
18081
(last)
30


500- 10" A mix of ARC, English Broadcast and Australian masters. Broadcast masters required smaller size labels.

500 7/30
717 10/30
769
4/31
853
8/31

Vocalion Midget
VM100- 7" Vocalion Midget. Nursery Rhyme on one side, public domain song on t'other.
Late 1930, about 16 issues.


VOX HUMANA
Produced by Pathe Freres in London, from US or UK masters from Actuelle or Perfect, for the same sales outlet as Grand Pree (the Perpetual Trading Association).


VH 10"
1 24
68 (last) 26


W
W&G


Mid 1950s 10".

SPN 379   9/57
XPN 491  12/57


Custom record.

WAFER

Flexible 10" card-based, by World Record (Australia) using Austral matrixes.
1925.

(THE) WENDY
Manufactured in Britain for World Record (Australia) (see Austral)


5"
1924-25.

WILCO


10"
0 to 100 early 49
124 1/51

WORTH

7000 10"
7000 late 29
7065 early 30


X
XX
A Bill Miller production, pressed by Australian Record Co. Reissues of classic US Jazz performances.


10"
1 3/51
15 mid 52


Z
ZODIAC (New Zealand)

Z100 10"
102 51
129 late 52
148 53

Z1000 10"
1001 57
1007
9/57
1052 58
1104 58

ZONOPHONE

A block of numbers was set aside primarily for New Zealand and Australia.


3000-
3000 5/12
3032 6/13
3049 9/14
3073 10/15
3084 11/16
3105 10/17
3111 7/18
3195 10/20
3221 7/21
3363 2/23
3748 /24
3861 12/25


A 12"
286 8/25
301 1/27
382 7/30


EE 10"
21 2/27
168 11/29
197 7/30
214 12/30
242 12/30
253 9/31
340 32


EF 10"
1 6/26
5 2/27
27 11/29
38 9/31

Other series were also pressed in Australia.



The following Australian labels (most post 1945) are also known to exist, and will be added above when some more data is known about them.

A.F.O.B.S. (Australian Federation of Broadcasting Stations), AMPLIDISC, A.R.C., ARMSTRONG, ASCA (Australian Society of Composers and Arrangers), ASICO, AWA MARCONI, BLUE LAGOON, BLUE RIBAND, CAPITAL, CHRISTIE'S, CYRIL STEVENS, DALMA, EDISAM, FANFARE, FEATURAUDIO, FLAMINGO, GEORGIA, GILPIN, GOLDEN (6"), GREEK RECORDING CO, HAYMAN HOTEL, HERSCHELLS, HIT OF THE YEAR, HI-TONE, HOHNER, HOLDEN, HOMECRAFT,  KINELAB, LEGIONNAIRE, LIBERTY, MAGNASOUND, MELODIANA, MELODY, METRONOME, MICROPHON, MUSIC FOR THE FORCES, NATIONAL, ODYSSEY, OLYMPIA, PARK, PERFECTONE, PITMAN, RANCH, RADIO CENTRE (RC),  SILVERTONE, SOUTHERN CROSS, SOUVENIR, SPRING, TELEDISC, TRULIFE, UNIVERSAL, VARSITY, VIS RADIO, WATTLE, WHITE ROSE, ZENITH.

Also these 'sticker' labels are known (and over what).

AMFONOLA (US Regal), BANNER (US Regal), CAMDEN (Aco), CAMEO (UK Regal), FOSSEYS (US Regal/Oriole), GOLD BELL (UK Aco), JOYPHONE (Brunswick), LILY OF THE VALLEY (UK Columbia/Winner), McWHIRTERS (UK Columbia), MASTERPIECE (US Cameo), MELBAPHONE (UK Winner), MELODISC (Brunswick), MUSIPHONE (Duophone), OLYMPIC (UK Imperial), OMAH/OMAR (Aco/Vocalion), POPULAR (US Lincoln), PYRAMID (Can Apex), REALTONE (Beltona), REGENT (UK Regent), ROBERTO (UK Columbia), ROSEBUD (UK Columbia/Regal), SERENOLA (Banner/Gennett), SIMOLIAN (various), SNOWS (UK Parlophone), SPECIALLY IMPORTED (US Columbia), STAR (Aco), THE CAPITOL (Aus Parlophone), TEMPO (Oriole), WEYMARK (US Cameo).

and also these labels from organisations offering recording services, generally 'acetates' or radio transcriptions.

4BH, AUSTRALIAN BROADCASTING COMMISSION, BEACON R.S., BOURNE RECORDING, BROADCAST EXCHANGE SERVICES (1) (2), BRS (BYER INDUSTRIES) (1) (2), EARWAY RECORDING SERVICE, HARMONY (1) (2), RECORDING CENTRE , VALLEY RADIO & ELECTRICAL , VITATONE


REFERENCES.

With thanks to Mike Sutcliffe (Australian Record & Music Review, innumerable articles and private correspondence) and Ross Laird, especially his recent book "Sound Beginnings" (1999) & private correspondence.  Also Jack Mitchell, author of Australian Jazz on Record 1925-1980 for help with the smaller labels. And most recently Alan Vogt.

Plus other resources including these journals [ML=Mitchell Library, Sydney, AT=Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington]:

Further References

One or two of some rarer items taken from items offered for sale on eBay and elsewhere.  Thanks go the the various anonymous sellers.
Thanks also to gramophoneshane for some of the more obscure recording services labels.

Comments (constructive), corrections and additions always welcome => EMAIL ME.

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